TELPAS is an assessment program for students in Texas public schools who are learning the English language. The Texas Education Agency (TEA) developed TELPAS to meet state and federal testing requirements. Texas assesses English learner (EL) annually in listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Students learning the English language begin participating in TELPAS in kindergarten and stop participating when their language proficiency assessment committee (LPAC) determines that they are proficient in the English language, and no longer qualify for ESL services.

For students in kindergarten through grade 1, TELPAS consists of holistically rated assessments in listening, speaking, reading, and writing. The holistically rated assessments use classroom observations to measure students' progress in listening, speaking, and writing in English.

For students in grades 2-12, students who are learning the English language are holistically rated on writing. Each student completes a minimum of 5 writing samples which are then rated by classroom teachers. The reading, listening and speaking tests are administered online to measure annual progress in learning to read, listen and speak in English.